EL GUARDAGUJAS ARREOLA PDF

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Another episode involves a trainload of energetic passengers who became heroes absurd heroes in Camusian terms when they disassembled their train, carried it across a bridgeless chasm, and reassembled it on the other side in order to complete their journey.

The Switchman

The stranger argues that he should be able to go to T. Camus writes that neither humans alone nor the world by itself is absurd. In some cases, new towns, like the town of F. His best-known and most anthologized tale, “The Switchman” exemplifies his taste for humor, satire, fantasy, and philosophical themes.

The railroad company occasionally creates false train stations in remote locations to abandon people when the trains become too crowded. The switchman explains how the railroad company thinks of their railway system.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

In one case, where the train reached an abyss with no bridge, the passengers happily broke down and rebuilt the train on the other side.

Awareness of the absurd human condition can come at any moment, but it is most likely to happen gguardagujas, suddenly confronted by the meaninglessness of hectic daily routine, he or she asks the question “Why?

Instead, they resembled the work of writers like Franz Kafka and Albert Camus and their examination of the human condition. The “switchman” tells the stranger that the country is famous for its railroad system; though many timetables and tickets have been produced, the trains do not follow them well. The old man then dissolves in the clear morning air, and only the red speck of the lantern remains visible before the noisily approaching engine.

The horrified stranger, who keeps insisting that he must arrive at destination T the next day, is therefore advised to rent a room in a nearby inn, an ash-colored building resembling a jail where would-be travelers are lodged. The residents accept this system, but hope for a change in the system. Three years ell Arreola received a scholarship to study in Paris, where he may well have read these highly acclaimed essays.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The stranger is also told it should make no difference to him whether or not he reaches T, that once he is on the train his guatdagujas “will indeed take on some direction. It has been seen as a satire on Mexico’s railroad service and the Mexican character, as a lesson taught by the instincts to a human adreola about to be born, as a modern allegory of Christianity, as a complex political satire, as a surrealistic fantasy on the illusive nature of reality, and as an existentialist view of life with Mexican modifications.

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In addition, it is not really clear that the system does operate in the way the switchman claims: The switchman then tells a story of certain train rides when the trains arrived at impossible locations. From the first lines of “The Switchman” the stranger stands out as a man of reason, fully expecting that, because he has a ticket to T, the train will take him there on time. The stranger is warned that if he is lucky enough to board any train, he must also be vigilant about his point of departure.

El guardagujas de Juan Jósé Arreola by Davi Mesquita Bodingbauer on Prezi

Briefly summarized, “The Switchman” portrays a stranger burdened with a heavy suitcase who arrives at a deserted station at the exact time his train is supposed to leave. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. The switchman says he cannot promise that he can get the stranger a train to T. Like most of Arreola’s stories, The Switchman’ can be interpreted in a variety of ways—as an allegory of the pitfalls of the Mexican train system, an existential horror story of life’s absurdities and human limitation, and the author’s desire to arreolz in spite of guardahujas insanities of the world and arreoa interaction.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Retrieved from ” https: But upon inquiring again where the stranger wants to go, the switchman receives the answer X instead of T. In their view, their elaborate system, which includes accommodations for years-long trips and even for deaths, is very good.

The Switchman – Wikipedia

In the final lines of Arreola’s story the assertion of the stranger now referred to as the traveler that he is going to X rather than T indicates that he has become an absurd man ready to set out for an unknown destination.

Mexican literature short stories. As he gazes at the tracks that seem to melt away in the distance, an old man the switchman carrying a tiny red lantern appears arrreola out of nowhere and proceeds to inform the stranger of the hazards of train travel in this country.

He does not understand why the stranger insists on going to T. Thus, the stranger’s heavy suitcase symbolizes the burden of reason he carries about, and the inn resembles a jail, the place where others like him are lodged before setting out on life’s absurd journey. As the man speculates about where his train might be, he feels a touch on his shoulder and turns to see a small old man dressed like a railroader and carrying a lantern.

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Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. This page was last edited on 8 Septemberat The switchman then relates a series of preposterous anecdotes, alluded to below, that illustrate the problems one might encounter during any given journey.

The image immediately thereafter of the tiny red lantern swinging back and forth before the onrushing train conveys the story’s principal theme: The stranger is very confused; he has no plans to stay. When he asks if the train has left, the old man wonders if the traveler has been in the country very long and advises him to find lodging at the local guarfagujas for at least a month.

The switchman’s anecdote about the founding of the village F, which occurred when guardaguujas train accident stranded a group of passengers—now happy settlers—in a remote region, illustrates the element of chance in human existence.

He vanishes because he has fulfilled his role as the stranger’s subconscious by not only asking the Camusian question “Why? The arrwola tells the stranger that the inn is filled with people who have made that very same assumption, and who may one day actually get there.

The stranger wants to know if a train going to T.

El guardagujas/ The Switchman

Arrola absurd human is one who recognizes a lack guarxagujas clear purpose in life and therefore resolves to commit himself or herself to the struggle for order against the unpredictable, fortuitous reality he or she encounters.

It seems that, although an elaborate network of railroads has been planned and partially completed, the service is highly unreliable. Rather, the absurd arises from the clash between reasoning humans striving for order and the silent, unreasonable world offering no response to their persistent demands.

The short story was originally published as a confabularioa word created in Spanish by Arreola, inin the collection Confabulario and Other Inventions. The details of the story do not really support his claim that he is indeed an official switchman, so it may be that his tales represent a system that presents absurdity as an official truth and relies on the gullibility of the audience.

When the stranger asks the switchman how he knows all of this, the switchman replies that he is a retired switchman who visits train stations to reminisce about old times.