Pakistan’s notorious Hudood Ordinances were promulgated in by the military regime of General Ziaul Haq. The most controversial of. Coupled with the introduction of the Hudood Ordinances, the. Zia regime also introduced judicial reforms which restructured. Pakistan’s higher judiciary. “Legal Injustices: The Zina Hudood ordinance of Pakistan and its implications for women,” Journal of International Women’s Studies 7, no.

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Stripes shall not be applied to “the head, face, stomach or chest or the delicate parts of the body of the convict,” and should not lacerate the skin of the convict. Kidnapping, abducitng or inducing women to compel for marriage etc.

A triple talaq is pronounced. A complaint of adultery must be made to a judge with at least four witnesses testifying under oath that they witnessed the act of penetration.

The Hudood Laws

In the case mentioned in sub-section 1the Court may order retrial. Please give now to support our work. When a female is sold, let for hire, or otherwise disposed of to a prostitute or to any person who keeps or manages a brothel, the person so disposing of such female shall, until the contrary is proved, be presumed to have disposed of her with the intent that she shall be used for the purpose of prostitution.

Punishment ordinanve attempting to commit an offence Whoever attempts to commit an offence punishable under this Ordinance with imprisonment or whipping, or to cause such an offence to be committed, and in such atttempt does any act towards the commission of the offence, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to hdood of the longest term provided for that offence, or with whipping ordinqnce exceeding thirty stripes, or with such fine as is provided for the offence, or with any two of, or all, the punishments.

December 13, Dispatches.

It specifies that whips shall be made of leather, or a cane or a branch of a tree, be no longer than 1. These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each: Worse, in actual practice, the vast majority of accused women were found guilty by the trial court only to be acquitted on appeal to the Federal Ofdinance Court.


Pakistan: Proposed Reforms to Hudood Laws Fall Short

Her rapist was acquitted. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Saving Nothing in this Ordinance shall be deemed to apply to the cases pending before any Court immediately before the commencement of this Ordinance, or to offences committed before such commencement. Penetration is sufficient to constitute the sexual inter-course necessary to hhudood offence of zina-bil-jabr.

The Bill removes the right of police to detain people suspected of having sex outside of marriage, instead requiring a formal accusation in court. Dear reader, online ads enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Further Zina offenses are or as of were [13]. The hadd punishment given to such an adulterer was stoning to death while the penalty for a fornicator was public whipping of lashes.

Dear reader, please upgrade to the latest version of IE to have a better reading experience. Attention to the Ordinance and suggestions for revising it were given by a number of government appointed commissions, a televised several weeks-long-televised debate on the subject of “No debate on Hudood Allah Allah’s laws as prescribed in Quran and Sunnah -is the Hudood Ordinance Man’s interpretation of Allah’s law Islamic?

Stories of suffering by women who claimed to have been raped appeared in the press in the years following the passing of the Hudood Ordinance stirring protests by Pakistani activists and lawyers and international human rights organizations.

The New York Times. The most controversial of these are the two laws pertaining to sexual offences, i. A number of international and Pakistani human rights organizations argue that Hudood Ordinance goes beyond what is required by sharia. The political party landscape remains wracked with judicial complications and ongoing accountability pressures. December 13, News Release. It described the offence of false accusation of Zina fornication and adultery either written, verbal or “by visible representations”, with intent to cause harm, and without producing four witnesses in support of the accusation before the Court, or who “according to the finding of the Court”, a witness has given false evidence of the commission of zina or rape, or when a complainant has made a false accusation of rape; [18].


The Women’s Protection Bill Urdu: These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each:. Human Rights Watch urges President General Pervez Musharraf and members of the National Assembly to implement the recommendation and reject the current proposed amendments.

This article is part of a series about Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.

Hudood Ordinances

Whoever commits zina liable to tazir shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to ten years and with whipping numbering thirty stripes, and shall also be liable to fine. EngvarB from July Use dmy dates from July All articles with unsourced statements Oridnance with unsourced statements from September This page was last edited on 27 Decemberat Under the Hudood Ordinancewomen were routinely jailed for adultery on flimsy evidence, often when a former huood refused to recognise a divorce.

Retrieved 19 November Whoever is guilty of Zina liable to hadd shall, subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, – a.

Kennedy states that “clearly the perception that Zia’s program significantly discriminated against women’s rights is fundamentally flawed”. Currently, the only guaranteed way to obtain a rape conviction is if the accused confesses or there are four adult male witnesses to the act of penetration. It is alleged that the legislation led to thousands of women being imprisoned without being proved whether they were actually guilty.

Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law: Retrieved 29 January The evidence of guilt was there for all to see: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Thumping a fat red statute book, the white-bearded judge who convicted her, Anwar Ali Khan, hudoood he had simply followed the letter of the Qur’an-based law, known as hudood, that mandates punishments.

The zina provisions of the law were particularly controversial [5] and critics alleged that there were “hundreds of incidents where a woman subjected to rape, or even gang rape, was eventually accused of zina ” and incarcerated. Archived from the original on 29 November