John Philoponus, a Christian philosopher, scientist, and theologian who lived approximately from to CE, is also known as John the. John Philoponus(b. Caesarea [?], late fifth century; d. Alexandria, second half of sixth century)philosophy, of what is known about Philoponus is. PHILOPONUS, JOHN(–) John Philoponus of Alexandria, a sixth-century philosopher and theologian, is best known for his radical attempts to refute.

Author: Malacage Vudobar
Country: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 15 October 2016
Pages: 498
PDF File Size: 11.75 Mb
ePub File Size: 6.31 Mb
ISBN: 979-2-19483-178-6
Downloads: 23330
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Yoramar

A philosophical justification of monophysitism. Although his anathema all but eliminated his influence in the Latin Christian thought, he had an impact on Islamic philosophy particularly his arguments against eternityphilopobus then later contributed to Latin Christian thought through the translation movement of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

This amounts to a promotion of one sort of quantity to the category of substance.

Infidelity in Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality. For some philoponjs the period is extended for a further three and a half centuries, to the move by….

John Philoponus

By the end of the s, as noted above 2. Philoponus, On Aristotle’s Physics 2by A. This creation scientist has a story that needs to be heard. One of the most celebrated achievements is the theory of impetus, which is commonly regarded as a decisive step away from an Aristotelian dynamics towards a modern theory based on the notion of inertia.

Consequently, because all forced motions eventually end, so too will the rotation of the heavens. Philoponus is the only writer of antiquity to have formally presented such a concept.

John Philoponus – – Cornell University Press. Christianitymajor religion, stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth the Christ, or the Anointed One of God in the 1st century ce. Scholarship has done much in recent years to arrive at a fuller appreciation of the work and accomplishment of this important late antique philosopher. Each set of lectures and resulting commentary constituted a step within a substantial curriculum of philosophical training which began with Aristotle and aimed at progressing towards Plato.


These works provoked immediate condemnation of by Simplicius of Cilicia, a contemporary member of the Athenian School, the last great pagan mind of antiquity and expert commentator on Aristotle.

Aristotle’s definition of light as an incorporeal and instantaneous transition from the potentiality dunamis of a medium to be transparent to the actuality energeia of transparency fails to account for the laws of optics and for the calefactory property of the sun.

If the future is infinite, then its potential will never be exhausted and thus an eternal future violates the principle of plenitude: As the discovery of the principle of inertia is the hallmark achievement of modern science as it emerges in the 16th to 17th centuries, Pierre Duhem argues that its invention would put Philoponus among the “great geniuses of Antiquity” and the “principal precursors to modern science”, although he holds it more likely that Philoponus may have received the idea from an earlier, otherwise unrecorded Alexandrian school of mechanics.

The date of composition originally proposed by the editor —49 appears to be more likely now than the frequently suggested — Understanding the contested concepts within this debate i.

Volunteeror philoponys more about what this involves. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Although Philoponus’ originating from a Christian family is possible, nothing is known of his early life. And some Christians, particularly those from the diphysite Nestorian sect such as Cosmas Indicopleutes, objected just as vociferously. Philoponus’s most important commentary in which he challenges Aristotle’s tenets on time, space, void, matter, and dynamics; pbiloponus are signs of revision.


John Philoponus – Bibliography – PhilPapers

CEbut Philoponus nowhere intimates that he was influenced by any one of them. History of Western Philosophy. Philoponus was one such intellectual who, again, resorted to Aristotelian terminology to clarify jon settle the trinitarian dispute. De Aeternitate Mundi Contra Proclum, ed. Now, when one speaks of the unification and discernibility of two natures in Christ, this cannot be meant to say that the universal natures of godhead and manhood have been unified in Christ else it would be also true to say that not only the Logos, but also the Father and the Spirit have become man, since the universal nature of godhead applies to them as much as it does to the Logos.

The two most important of these are Contra Proclum de aeternitate mundi and the now-fragmentary Contra Aristotelem de aeternitate mundi.

The commentaries consisted in an pholoponus detailed oral exegesis of a philosophical text, designed for the benefit of students. Oxford 61 — An unfinished commentary on the Meteorologica was written shortly thereafter. In his philosophical works, one can roughly distinguish between two kinds of criticism: